EFL · National City (New Zealand)
1, Framework section: Country elements
New Zealand National Flag
Signature Construction: New Zealand Parliament Building
[New Zealand] (New Zealand).
[area] approximately 270,000 square kilometers.
[population] 5,112,000 (December 2020). Of these, 70% of European immigrants, 17% Maori, 15% Asian, and 8% of Pacific island nations (partly multiethnic identity). The official language is English, Maori. Nearly half of the inhabitants practiced Christianity.
[Capital] Wellington. The average temperature is around 16 ℃ in summer and around 8 ℃ in winter.
[Head of State] Queen Elizabeth II. The Governor represented the Queen, nominated by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Queen for a five-year term. The current Governor, Patsy Reddy, took office on September 28,2016.
[Important Festival] National Day: February 6, called " Waitangi Day.
[Brief] is located in the southwest Pacific, across the west, 1,600 km apart. It consists of the South Island, North Island and some small islands, and the South and North islands are separated by the Cook Strait. The whole area is mountainous and hilly, which account for more than 75% of the national area, and the plains are narrow. The river is short and fast, inconvenient shipping, but rich in water conservancy resources. North Island Multiple Volcanics and Hot Springs, South Island Multiple Ice and Lakes. Cook Peak on the South Island is 3,754 meters high, which is the highest peak in the country. The coastline is approximately 15,000 kilometers long. A temperate marine climate. The average temperature is around 20 ℃ in summer and around 10 ℃ in winter. The average annual precipitation is 600-1,500 mm.
[Constitution] No written constitution. Its constitution is composed of a series of laws and amendments passed successively by the British Parliament and the New Zealand Parliament, as well as certain decisions of the British Privy Council.
[Parliament] A unicameral system, with only the House of Representatives, was founded in 1854. Members are elected by general election for a three-year term.
[Politics] Since 1935, the Labour Party and the National Party have ruled alternately.
[Government] The executive council of governors and ministers is the statutory highest administrative body. The Executive Council is chaired by the Governor, who is chaired in his absence by the Prime Minister or the Senior Minister. The Governor's exercise of his power must be guided by the advice of the Executive Council. The cabinet has real power.
[Administrative divisions] There are 11 regional districts, 5 single districts, and 67 regional administrative bodies (including 13 city halls, 53 district councils and Chatham Islands Council). The main cities are: Wellington, Auckland, Christchurch (Christchurch), Hamilton, Dunedin, etc.
[The Judiciary] has the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeal, the High Court, several district courts and special courts that accept the handling of employment, family, youth affairs, Maori affairs, the environment and other related legal issues.
[Political Party] There are 18 registered political parties.
[Economy] Since mid-2018, the international market demand for goods and services in New Zealand has gradually decreased, and increasing uncertainty and declining international trade have led to slowing economic growth in New Zealand.
New Zealand macroeconomic data for 2015-2019
Source: Statistics of New Zealan
In 2019, global trade tensions escalated, with a bleak outlook for export-dependent New Zealand economic growth growing at a five-year low. Mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry, the export of agricultural and animal husbandry products accounted for about 50% of the total exports. Mutton and milk products export volume ranks first in the world, and the wool export volume ranks third in the world. Main economic data are as follows:
GDP (2020): S $ 322 billion
GDP per capita (2020): about S $ 63,000
Economic growth rate (2020): -2.9%.
Currency: New Zealand dollar (S $ 1 ≈ $ 0.72, March 2021).
Unemployment rate: 4.9% (December 2020).
Foreign exchange reserves: S $ 18.7 bn (January 2021).
[industry] mainly processing of agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry products, mainly including dairy products, blankets, food, leather, tobacco, paper and wood processing and other light industries, products are mainly for export. In recent years, heavy industries have been established, such as steelmaking, refining, aluminum and manufacturing of agricultural aircraft.
[Agriculture] Agriculture is highly mechanized. Main crops are wheat, barley, oats, fruit, etc. Food cannot be self-sufficient and needs to be imported from Australia. In 2020, dairy exports were S $ 16.5 billion, meat exports were S $ 8.3 billion, and fruit exports of S $ 42.5.
[Forestry] A forest area of 8.1 million hectares, including 6.3 million hectares of natural forest and 1.8 million hectares of human afforestation. The main export products are log, wooden oars, paper and wooden boards, and the main export markets are Australia, Japan, China, South Korea, the United States, Indonesia, Taiwan, etc. In 2020, forestry exports were S $ 4.3 billion.
[Animal Husbandry] Animal husbandry is developed, and animal husbandry production covers an area of 13.52 million hectares, half of the land area. Dairy products and meat are the most important exports. Crude wool exports rank first in the world, accounting for 25% of the total output.
[Fishery] is rich in fishing and production and has the world's fourth largest exclusive economic zone. The fishing potential in the 200-NEA is about 500,000 tons per year, and about 600 to 650,000 tons of commercial fish and shellfish, more than half of them for export. In 2020, the total exports of fishery products were S $ 1.68 billion.
Foreign Trade] relies heavily on foreign trade. In 2019, New Zealand's trade in goods and services totaled S $ 169.4 billion, up 4.0%, including export S $ 86 billion, 4.0%; import S $ 83.4 billion, year-on-year, 3%. The trade surplus was S $ 2.6 billion. In 2020, New Zealand goods trade totaled S $ 118.7 billion, with S $ 60.2 billion in exports and S $ 58.5 billion in imports. Mainly import petroleum, mechanical and electrical products, automobiles, electronic equipment, textiles, export dairy products, meat, forest products, crude oil, fruits and fish. The main trading partners are China, the EU, Australia, the United States, Japan, South Korea, Singapore. In 2020, the new imports from new trading partners are (in NZ 100 million, the same below): China 194, Australia 133, US 98, EU 87 and Japan 45; the new exports are: EU 144, China 130, Australia 126, US 90 and Japan 37.
Top 5 New Zealand 2019
[Commodity Structure] In 2019, the top five goods and services exported from New Zealand were: dairy products, wood and wood products; meat and food scraps; tourism and education.
In 2019, the top five New Zealand imports are turbojet and turboprops, boilers, mechanical appliances and parts, crude oil, processed fuels and lubricants, motor, electrical, audio-visual equipment and zero accessories, and plastics and their products.
[Trade in Services] In 2019, New Zealand had exports of S $ 26.1 billion, S $ 21.9 billion in imports, and a trade surplus of S $ 4.2 billion. The total service trade is S $ 45.6 billion, with the export amount of S $ 23.8 billion and S $ 21.8 billion in imports.
[bilateral trade] New Zealand in the development of economic and trade relations with China has many proud "first": New Zealand is the first developed country with China to complete China to the World Trade Organization negotiations, the first developed country to recognize China's market economy, the first to carry out bilateral free trade agreement negotiations with China, the first developed country to sign a free trade agreement with China, the first to sign a free trade agreement with Hong Kong, the first to join the Asian investment bank, the first to carry out free trade agreement upgrade negotiations, etc.
China and New Zealand have a strong economic complementarity. New Zealand's export products to China are mainly primary products of agricultural and animal husbandry, and mainly mechanical and electrical products, clothing, toys and other traditional Chinese competitive products are imported from China. Trade in goods has grown rapidly in recent years. The complementary economic and trade relations between China and Singapore have withstood the impact of the global financial crisis. Since the entry into force of the China-Singapore Free Trade Agreement into force on 1 October 2008, the rapid growth of bilateral trade and the rapid increase of exports to China has become an important reason for the improvement of the trade balance in New Zealand. China-Singapore economic and trade relations are currently at the best time in history. In terms of trade in goods, New Zealand reduced all imported tariffs from China to zero by January 1,2016, with 63.6% of them achieving zero tariffs from taking effect; China cancelled most of them from New West by January 1,2019
Taritariff on imported products, of which 24.3% of products achieved zero tariff from the agreement's entry into force. In terms of service trade, New Zealand above WTO in 16 branches in business, commerce, construction, education and environment; China and 15 branches above WTO in business, environment, sports, entertainment and transportation. In addition, the FTA also provides liberalization, facilitation arrangements or institutional provisions on the flow of personnel, investment, customs, inspection and quarantine, intellectual property, transparency and cooperation. In November 2016, China and New Zealand jointly announced the official launch of negotiations on upgrading the China-New Zealand free trade agreement. The seventh round of negotiations on the FTA in May 2019 was held in New Zealand. On November 4,2019, China and Singapore officially announced the end of the free trade upgrading negotiations. The upgrade negotiations on the original customs procedures and cooperation, rules of origin and technical trade barriers were further upgraded, added e-commerce, environment and trade, competition policy and government procurement chapters, the two sides also made new commitments in trade in services and goods trade market access, natural person mobile and investment.
In 2019, the bilateral trade in goods in China and Singapore grew rapidly. According to Chinese customs statistics, bilateral trade was USD 18.29 billion, up 8.5% year-on-year, China exports USD 5.74 billion, down 0.7% year. on-year, China imported USD 12.56 billion, up 13.3%. China continues to maintain the position of New Zealand's largest trading partner, the largest source of import and the largest export market.
In 2019, the main categories of Chinese exports to New Zealand include: motor, electrical; furniture; bedding; plastic and its products; steel products; knitted or crocheted clothing and clothing accessories; non-knitted or non-crochted clothing and clothing accessories; vehicles and their zero accessories; toys and games, etc.
According to the statistics of China Customs, in 2019, China imported goods from New Zealand including: milk, eggs, wood and wood products; meat and food scraps, grain, food; edible fruit, fish, crustaceans; organic chemicals, etc.
China-New Zealand Bilateral Trade Statistics, 2015-2019
[FTA Agreement] The Free Trade Agreement between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of New Zealand, hereinafter referred to as the China-Singapore Free Trade Agreement, is a bilateral free trade agreement between China and New Zealand, signed in April 2008. The agreement covers trade in goods, services and investment, and also covers issues such as national defense, law, human rights, multilateral trade, and regional security. It is the first comprehensive free trade agreement signed by China and other countries and the first free trade agreement reached between China and developed countries. In November 2016, Zhongxin announced the launch of the FTA upgrade negotiations, and the seventh round of the FTA negotiations in May 2019
It was held in New Zealand. On November 4,2019, China and Singapore officially announced the end of the free trade upgrading negotiations.
The bilateral Economic and Trade Consultation mechanisms include the China-New Zealand Economic and Trade Commission. According to the intergovernmental trade agreement between China and New Zealand in 1973, the Commission (subministerial) was held in both countries for 29 sessions; the China-New Zealand Free Trade Zone Commission (Division) was established in 2008, meeting annually in both countries and in March, the sixth meeting was held in 2015 in New Zealand.
China's leading businesses in New Zealand include COSCO New Zealand Limited, Air China Auckland Office NZ, Air China Auckland Office NZ, Wenita Forest Products Limited, Wenita Forest Products Limited, China Commodity Inspection Corp. New Zealand Co. Limited, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China New Zealand Limited, China Construction Bank New Zealand Limited, Bank of China New Zealand Limited, China Forestry Group New Zealand Company Limited, China Travel Agency, China Travel ServiceN.Z. Limited), Huawei New Zealand, Capital New Zealand Environmental Governance (Waste Management New Zealand Limited), Beijing Tongrentang Auckland Ltd. (Beijing Tong Ren Tang Auckland Company Limited), Aashley New Zealand Dairy Limited (YASHILI New Zealand Dairy Co.,Limited), Ely Investment New Zealand, New Zealand Oceania Dairy Limited (Oceania Dairy Limited), Synlait Milk Limited, China Pastoral Corporation (China Animal Husbandry Group), Fisher & Paykel Appliances) and others.
[Main Enterprises] Fonterra Cooperative Group, Ltd. (Fonterra Co-operative Group Ltd), simply "Fonterra", is a dairy exporter based in Auckland, New Zealand. Fonterra, formed from the merger of the two largest dairy companies at the time and the New Zealand Dairy Agency, is New Zealand's largest company in New Zealand and the sixth largest dairy producer in the world, with annual sales of $ 8 billion.
New Zealand Culture
The mutual integration of Maori and Pakeha culture creates a fresh, unique and vibrant New Zealand. Whether it is world outstanding opera singers such as Dame Kiri Te Kanawa or the great talents that New Zealand artists presented at the World of WearableArts event, New Zealanders have always demonstrated their artistic talents. Compared with the rest of the world, New Zealand, although relatively young and far away from the mainland, has created many unparalleled artists of the Pacific style.
Overall, New Zealand culture can be summarized as innovative, independent, and diverse. There is no doubt that rugby and other mass sports have become the essential content of New Zealand culture, and more and more holding of high-end cultural and artistic activities also shows that New Zealand's artistic power is growing and recognized by the world.
The Maori are New Zealand Aboriginal (tangata whenua) whose culture is an integral part of New Zealand life. About 15% of the country's population of 3.8 million people are of Maori descent. The Maoriwere a tribal people whose tribes were known as iw:. Whenever you arrive to New Zealand, there are many opportunities to experience Maori culture, most notably Rotorua, the geothermal area of North Island. Here, visitors can taste a traditional Hangi of ——, kai, cooked with geothermal stone. In addition, visitors can enjoy the Maori welcome ceremony "Powhiri", a visit to the local Maori hall "marae", the traditional Maori performance "kapa haka" and relaxation in the popular geothermal spa pool. It can be said that Maori culture forms the foundation of New Zealand culture, and is the essence of the whole society.
Literature and Art
Many New Zealand writers have written Maori culture and legends into English literature. Keli Hulme received the affirmation of the definitive Booker Prize for her highly creative novel " The Bone People》. Some writers have also formed two cultures to create distinctive New Zealand literature, including Patlicia Grace, Witi Ihimaela, and Hone Tuwhale. Alan Duff is known for his book "Once Were Walriors" and moved to the big screen in 2002 by the Lee Tamaholi,007 film "" in 2002.
New Zealand's art comes from all races, combining the qualities of Maori, Europeans, Asians and Australasians, and the New Zealand art circle reflects this fusion. Some of New Zealand's most valuable paintings are Maori portraits of the nineteenth century by Czarles Goldie. The work of painter Kolin McKahon, using text, Christian portraits and Maori language, and mythology, is considered by many to be New Zealand's greatest artist. In addition to these works, many galleries have works by other artists such as Lalph Hotele and Glahame Sydney.
2, Framework: News hotspot
(1) China and New Zealand sign Upgrade Protocol on Free Trade Agreement
On January 26,2021, Minister Wang Wentao of Commerce and Minister of Trade and Export Growth, O ' Connor, respectively, signed the Protocol of the Government of the Government of New Zealand on Upgrading the Free Trade Agreement between the <of the Government and the New Zealand Government by video.
The New Zealand News Centre (Newshub) reported on May 12,2021 that red meat exports again crossed the S $ 1 billion mark in March and China remained the largest export destination, according to data released by the New Zealand Meat Industry Association. New Zealand's exports of red meat to China in March reached S $ 464 million, 45%, up 35%, Kalapeva, said in an interview Wednesday. Karapeva said the global demand for high-quality red meat is still strong, especially in the Chinese market. At present, China has got rid of the impact of the epidemic back to normal and a strong recovery in consumer demand, which is a big good news for New Zealand meat companies.
New Zealand meat exports are strong as China remains the biggest market
New Zealand agencies reported that red meat exports set the latest record of S $ 9.2 billion in 2020, with a 1% year-on-year increase of 7% from 2018.
The New Zealand Meat Association said the meat exports was more diversified, exporting to 111 countries in 2020. Under the influence of the epidemic, the global demand for high-quality safe and natural quality red meat is strong, which is the competitive advantage of New Zealand. In 2020, New Zealand's top red meat export markets remained unchanged, with China still at the top with S $ 3.3 billion, 36%.
New Zealand mutton exports grew 3% to 400,000 tons, and China is the largest export market, followed by Britain and the United States. Beef was exported to 471,700 tons and S $ 3.7 billion. The United States is the largest export market to S $ 1.4 billion, a 42% increase.
Export of halal meat processing also increased in 2020. Most New Zealand meat export processing plants have halal production processes that provide meat products to Muslim and non-Muslim consumers around the world. Between October 2019 and September 2020, New Zealand exported 417,200 tons of halal certified meat of S $ 3.5 billion per month, accounting for 43% of the total exports of red meat and edible by-products. The largest market for halal-certified meat exports is China, reaching 277,500 tons, accounting for 60%, followed by Canada, Malaysia and the United States.
(3) New Zealand promotes wine exports to China
According to New Zealand media, more efforts are made in the New Zealand wine industry to provide Chinese consumers with ways to learn more about New Zealand wine in a view to increasing wine exports to China.
Recently, the New Zealand Grape Planting and Wine Brewing Association cooperated with the New Zealand Trade and Development Bureau to implement the New Zealand wine education project in Shanghai and issued wine tasting certificates to the trainees. Chris York, the association's global marketing director, said the project aims to raise Chinese consumer awareness of New Zealand wine. Chinese consumers usually like rich red wine, hoping to make them like the New Zealand red wine Pinot black and white wine. At present, Sauvignon Blanc sales are very strong, especially in the coastal areas of China.
In recent years, New Zealand wine exports to China have surged, growing from NZ $ 2 million in 2007 to NZ $ 27 million in 2014.In 2014, New Zealand wine exports to China rose 34% and exports rose 11%. But this remains negligible compared to total New Zealand wine exports. By June 2015, total New Zealand wine exports had reached a new high, reaching about NZ $ 1.42 billion, a 7% year-on-year increase. Currently, the industry's goal is to export New Zealand wines to NZ $ 2 billion by 2020.
(4) China-New Zealand China and Singapore cooperation to promote international food trade
(5) | Evergrande Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Signed New Zealand imported food big orders-News-Shanghai Securities Daily · China Securities Network http://news.cnstock.com/news,bwkx-201911-4449106.htm
(7) "One Belt And One Road" remarkable achievements in recent six years | New Zealand | Park | One Belt And One Road _ Sina News https://news.sina.com.cn/c/2019-04-25/doc-ihvhiqax4881861.shtml
3, Framework Section: National · Human Geography
New Zealand (New Zealand), or New Zealand. Located in the southwest Pacific, the territory consists of North, South and small islands separated by the Cook Strait. The South Island is adjacent to Antarctica, and the North Island faces Fiji and Tonga. Capital Wellington and the largest city, Auckland, are located on the North Island.The political system is constitutional as a parliamentary monarchy.
The Maori settled here in the 14th century, with the Dutch and the British arriving successively after 1642. He became a British colony in 1840. It became the British Dominion in 1907. In 1947 he gained full autonomy and became sovereign, now a member of the Commonwealth.
New Zealand is a highly developed capitalist country.The World Bank has listed New Zealand as one of the most convenient countries in the world, successfully transforming it from agriculture to an internationally competitive industrialized market economy. Export exports of deer antler, mutton, dairy and coarse wool are the first in the world. New Zealand is also one of the most beautiful countries in Oceania, totaling about 30% of its land as reserves. It has 3 World Heritage sites, 14 national parks, 3 marine parks, hundreds of nature reserves and ecoregions.(Source: Baidu encyclopedia)
(2) New Zealand beauty: Tepini National Park _ ゜ - ゜ つロ cheers ~ -bilibili https://www.bilibili.com/video/av13462034/? from=search&seid=2067753730118455362
4, Framework section: the latest information (about 10 notes)
(1) New Zealand Release Food Safety Law Reform Law _ Foreign Regulations _ Policies and Regulations _ Food Regulations Center _ Food Partner Network http://law.foodmate.net/show-193548.html
(3) China and New Zealand promoted the "One Belt And One Road" development and strengthened the import and export trade of both food-Zhihu https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/29561144
(4) New Zealand has surpassed the US and Australia as the largest source of food imports in China, and dairy exports account for more than 60% _ Australian corporate information, industry dynamics-https: / / www. aakwa. co m/show-2-549-1.html
5, Framework Section: National · Food Introduction
New Zealand Dairy New Zealand plays a pivotal role in the national economy. Over 12,000 ranches nationwide with a total area of 11 million hectares and 80% concentrated on the North Island. As of June 2019, the national dairy cow stock was 6.3 million. New Zealand mainly exports dairy products like milk powder, butter, cheese, and cream.China is the largest dairy export market in New Zealand. Fonterra Group is the New Zealand 's largest enterprise, and the world' s fourth largest dairy producer and the largest dairy exporter.
The New Zealand dairy industry and the whole food and beverage industry are highly open, with 25% of its total output value created by foreign enterprises, with investors coming from more than 60 countries and regions around the world.
[Animal husbandry] New Zealand animal husbandry is a traditional dominant industry. According to total exports, New Zealand is the world's 12th largest exporter of agricultural products, among which mutton, deer meat and dairy products rank first in the world, mutton exports account for 75% of the global trade volume, and deer meat exports account for 50% of the global trade volume. Wool exports came second behind Australia, accounting for 27% of global trade. As of June 2019, the national sheep stock was 26.8 million, 10.2 million cattle stock (of which, 6.3 million dairy cows, 3.9 million beef cows) and 810,000 deer stock.
7.1 Regulations and policies on Foreign Trade
7.1.1 Trade Authority
New Zealand's government departments for foreign trade mainly include the Ministry of Foreign Trade (MFAT), Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) and Primary Industries (MPI), among which MFAT is responsible for coordinating participation in foreign trade negotiations.
7.1.2 Trade Regulatory System
New Zealand has established a number of regulations regulating the domestic trade environment, including:
(1) Contracts and Business Act 2017 (Contract and Commercial Law Act 2017)
(2) The Business Act of 1986 (Commerce Act 1986)
(3) The Fair Trading Act of 1986 (Fair Trading Act 1986)
(4) Dumping and Anti-dumping Tax Act 1988 (Dumping and Countervailing Duties Act 1988)
Also, the Customs and Business Tax Act 1996 (Customs and Excise Act 1996)
The Fisheries Act 1996 (Fisheries Act 1996), the Trade (safeguards) Act 2014 (Trade (Safety Measures) Act 2014), etc.
www.legislation.govt. is available for details The nz website.
Relevant Provisions for 7.1.3 Trade Management
New Zealand has a free trade policy, with no import permits and quota restrictions on general goods. In export terms, New Zealand cancelled all export subsidies, including subsidies for agricultural and pastoral products. Regulations for local manufacturers, service providers, and importers in New Zealand are:
(1) The Consumer Assurance Act, designed to protect consumers. The Act provides that a product or service has acceptable quality, compliance for a specific purpose, and consistent with description and samples. This responsibility shifts when the importer or manufacturer sells the product or services to its offline marketer. Violation face fines of up to NZ $ 200,000. See New Zealand Government information on promoting business development and for consumers:
(2) The Fair Trading Act (Fair Trading Act 1986), designed to maintain market order. The purpose of the Act is to promote fair competition in the market and to ensure that the market product information is true and reliable. Fair delivery
Easy Law prevents companies from misleading or deceiving consumers. Whether intended or not, the company has acted or may lead to mislead or cause deception. Companies simply need to guarantee not to conceal important information and provide accurate information to consumers, rather than provide comprehensive information on any occasion. The Act applies to the promotion of goods or services to sales, including advertising, pricing,
Marketing methods and financing, also including job advertising and MLM. The liability of the corporation under the Act does not shift along with the product transaction.
The Fair Trading Act is administered under the Board of Commerce, but individuals or companies may also institute judicial proceedings under the Act. See the New Zealand Business Commission website for more details:
(3) Product safety standards, New Zealand mandatory standards, but under the "Consumer Security Act" requires all products sold in New Zealand should be "safe", the most reliable way to meet product safety standards is to obtain certification from government-approved inspection agencies. The Fair Trade Law authorizes the New Zealand Business Commission to impose mandatory product safety standards on the following six products and prohibit imports of illegal products. They are strollers, children 's pajamas, children' s toys (under three), children's fence beds, cigarette lighters, and pedal bicycles. See more details at the New Zealand Standards Agency website: www.consumerprotection.govt. nz/tradingstandards/product-safety/regul ated-products/
(4) Weight and measurement method. The Act regulates all products and services sold by weight or measurement, and all measuring instruments to ensure the accuracy of market measurements. See the New Zealand Government Consumer Protection website for relevant details:
www.consumerprotection.govt. nz/tradingstandards/trade-measure ment/
7.1.4 Import and Export Commodity Inspection and Quarantine
The closed geographical characteristics and agriculture, animal husbandry, forest and other industries implement very strict quarantine system for animal and plant commodities to maximize the environmental and agricultural safety; New Zealand quarantine system and trade management system implement unified quarantine standards and requirements for local and imported animals and plants on the market, facilitating expanding trade in agricultural products. The Ministry of Primary Industry of New Zealand is responsible for formulating inspection and quarantine regulations and implementation.
The New Zealand import quarantine laws mainly include:
(1) The Biological Safety Act of 1993 (Bio Security Act 1993) and those enacted accordingly
The Import Health Standards Catalogue (IHS) aims to prevent organisms endangering natural resources and human health from entering New Zealand, including plants, animals, food, biological products and related containers, vehicles and tires. Animal and plant products not in the catalog shall not be imported. To import goods outside a catalog, request the Ministry of Primary Industry to initiate the procedure for adding new import health standards, including technical consultations and submission of the Biohazard Analysis Report.
(2) The Food Safety Act 2014 (Food Act 2014) aims to regulate and regulate food safety behavior in all types of businesses in the New Zealand food industry.
(3) The Animal Products Act of 1999 (Animal Product Act 1999).
(4) The Agricultural Composites and Veterinary Drugs Act of 1997 (Agricultural Compounds and Veterinary Medicines Act 1997).
(5) The New Zealand Food Standards Act of Australia (Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code).
The animal and plant products imported by the New Zealand Ministry will be divided into nine large categories for quarantine management: agricultural complexes and veterinary drugs, biological products and microorganisms, leather, food (including dairy products, eggs, fruits and vegetables, grains, seeds, bees, meat and poultry, fish, wine, and beverages), animal drinks, forest products, activities, plants, inorganic products (soil, machinery and vehicles), etc. Imports of all of them must be made through "registered importers".
The Ministry of Primary Industry of New Zealand adopts the above laws to formulate industrial or product standards, import steps, whether registration before import is required, and access and inspection procedures for inspection certificates. The Ministry of Primary Industry certified several inspection institutions to carry out on-site inspection, epidemic prevention and issue inspection certificates and other technical work.
For example, for import inspection of meat, importers need to meet the requirements of Biological Safety Law (including within "Import Health Standards Catalogue", obtaining "import license", obtaining animal and plant inspection certificate, manufacturer certificate), meet the requirements of the Food Law (including becoming "registered importer" and meeting relevant requirements, "key regulatory commodity", Common Food Standards of Australia and New Zealand); meet customs regulatory requirements (import restrictions, "Customs License", tariff rate).
For the import quarantine of bee products, New Zealand imports only from a number of Pacific islands such as Tonga.
The sound New Zealand quarantine system effectively ensures food safety in its domestic market and helps to enhance the reputation of New Zealand agricultural products in the world market.
For more information and inspection and quarantine requirements of different commodities, see the New Zealand Primary Industry Department website information: http://mpi.govt.nz/importing/.
7.1.5 Customs Management Rules and Regulations
The main bases for customs administration in New Zealand are the Tariff Act 1988, Customs and Excise Act 1996, Customs and Excise Regulations 1996 and supplementary amendments to the above regulations irregularly issued by the Customs Department. In March 2018, New Zealand passed the 2018 and effective in October 2018 which updated the customs process to make it suitable for the modern business environment and adjustable according to changes in the environment.
All goods imported to New Zealand are managed under the classification of the "New Zealand Tariff Working Paper", which determines the tariff level. Most goods have zero tariff levels, while others have a tariff rate of 5% or 10%. Under New Zealand free trade agreements with relevant countries, many goods enjoy "preferential tariffs" and "tariff exemptions". If the importer has doubts about the customs classification, customs tax or preferential tariff of a commodity, or wants to import a commodity never imported in the past, he may apply for the Customs "tariff ruling" service.
All imports are subject to a 15% (importer) GST. The tariff rate for a specific cargo can be searched on the New Zealand Customs website for the "the working tariff document", Website: www.customs.govt. nz. In addition, the tariff rates under the China-New Zealand FTA can be found in the China Free Trade Service Network at:
Detailed provisions on the import or export of commercial products and the import or export of personal goods can be conveniently checked on the New Zealand Customs website:
Products prohibited in New Zealand include Pounamu, a few fishery products, some weapons and specific publications; prohibited products include powerful laser pointers, weapons and motor vehicles complying with special regulations.
8, Framework Section: Exhibition Exhibition (Food)
(1) Fine Food New Zealand_ Auckland International Food Exhibition Fine Food New Zealand_ Outreach Network http://www.yshows.cn/zhanhui/1932.shtml
Name (Chinese): Auckland, New Zealand, 2021, Fine Food New Zealand
Name: Fine Food New Zealand
Exhibition Date: June 13,2021-June 15,2021
Exhibition Venue: Oakes, New Zealand
Exhibition cycle: 2 years and 1 session
Sponsor: North Port Events Ltd.
Organization: Beijing Zhongling International Exhibition Co., Ltd.
Food, Beverage, Wine, and Tobacco
New Zealand Food Hotel Catering Exhibition The New Zealand Food Hotel Catering Exhibition (FINE FOOD) is the leading international trade show in the New Zealand food retail, food service and hospitality industry and the largest in the New Zealand food hospitality industry. This exhibition attracts a large number of high-quality audiences every year and brings a steady stream of sales and other commercial opportunities to exhibitors. Here, buyers and exhibitors strengthen interaction, improve the trend sensitivity of the industry, and places where buyers make procurement decisions.
New Zealand Food Hotel Catering ShowThe New Zealand Food Hotel Catering Show (FINE FOOD) is a series of food exhibitions in Oceania by Diversified Group Australia, with sister exhibitions with Australia International Food Show, Queensland Food Show, New Zealand International Food Show.
Scale of the last exhibition: more than 200 exhibitors, 6,404 exhibitors, with an exhibition area of 8,552 square meters.
New Zealand has a more advanced manufacturing, service industry and efficient agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry, which has a high degree of export-oriented economy and has a serious dependence on import and export. After the 1970 s, the export of agricultural products encountered increasing difficulties. The rise in international oil prices and the protection of the domestic market have worsened the financial situation of the new government. Since the mid to late 1980 s, the New Zealand government has changed its macroeconomic policy, pursuing low inflation and fiscal balance, while allowing currency fluctuations, liberalizing control of capital flows, abolishing agricultural subsidies, and promoting corporatization and privatization of state-owned assets. These policies and measures promoted the adjustment of New Zealand's industrial structure and the increased export competitiveness, causing the rapid recovery of the new economy after the 1990 s. Since 1998, although it has been affected by the Asian financial crisis and the economic downturn of the United States, Europe and Japan, New Zealand has continued export growth and the expansion of the real estate market, and the economy has generally maintained rapid growth in domestic demand, especially the real estate market. Statistics ended June 2003, the annual New Zealand GDP (GDP) was S $ 126.2 billion, up 4.0% from the previous year. The GDP per capita GDP is S $ 31,900 (approximately $ 18,200). Inflation (CPI) was 1.5% and unemployment was 4.7%. New Zealand has been one of the countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) with sustained economic growth, low unemployment rate and strong exchange rates. In recent years, the large influx of immigrants, promising tourism market, booming education exports, and rising real estate industry, making the new domestic market demand remains strong. It is expected that the New Zealand national economy will continue to maintain its growth momentum for a period to come.
(2) Provide New Zealand Food Show 2020 (FINE FOOD) Local English Show Translation _ Event https://www.sohu.com/a/379830535_120599592? _trans_=000014_bdss_dklzxbpcgP3p:CP=
Exhibition time: 2020-06-21 to 2020-06-23
Exhibition cycle: once a year
Exhibition Country: New Zealand
Exhibition Venue: Auckland, New Zealand
Exhibition Brief Introduction
The New Zealand Food and Hotel Catering Exhibition is a great opportunity to experience New Zealand's iconic culture and beautiful scenery. As one of the world with magnificent landscapes, New Zealand has countless wonderful experiences for visitors. From the incredible multicultural culture, to the beautiful scenery and to the colorful cultural activities of local residents, New Zealand is undoubtedly an excellent resort to enjoy the unique cultural experience. Come to the New Zealand Food and Beverage and Hotel Catering Show and start your trip to New Zealand. Whether you go north to the Island Bay or south to the first person, you will surely enjoy the unparalleled beauty of Wellington or South Island. The 2018 New Zealand Food Hotel Catering launched a wide range of marketing campaigns with advertising fee cards worth $ 288,342, bringing 7,093 quality trade visitors to the show. The event makes the most of its media partnership with INTERMEDIA GROUP.
Number of exhibitors last year: 334 exhibitors from 45 countries.
Food and Beverage: Beverage, Candy, Dried Fruit, Agricultural Products, Convenience, Frozen Food, Green Health Food, Grain and Oil, Baby Food, baking, dry, fresh fruits, vegetables, tea and local specialties, etc., milk, milk processing, meat products, candy & chocolate, canned food, frozen food, Natural Organic Food, Food additives, alcoholic beverages, Coffee & Tea, Frozen Seafood, Olive Oil & Vegetable Oil, processed Food, jam & Honey, cereals, condiments, pickled sauces, Preschool Food, Fine Food and Others. Meat and Poultry, feed additives, fresh cans of moisture-free foods, frozen foods, milk and dairy products, soft drinks and fruit juices, coffee and drinking candy and chocolate, convenience foods, health and natural foods, condiments, jams, agricultural vegetables, ginger and garlic, a variety of fruits and fast food.
New Zealand National Agriculture Festival
The New Zealand National Agricultural Festival (New Zealand National Agricultural Fieldays), and the Hamilton Agricultural Machinery Exhibition, co-sponsored by the National Farmland Association (Agricom) and the New Zealand Agricultural Research Institute, is held in Hamilton, the third largest city of New Zealand's North Island, 39 years old, is the largest and best effective comprehensive international agricultural product trade event in the Southern Hemisphere. The exhibition includes product exhibition and trade, innovative technology release and exchange, etc., involving agricultural machinery and tools, agricultural machinery, horticulture, dairy technology, forest protection, forestry engineering, agricultural products and other aspects.
The 38th New Zealand National Agriculture Festival was held in 2006 from June 14-17, about 116,000 visitors, overseas merchants mainly from Australia, UK, Canada and the United States, more than 1000 strong foreign trade companies, production enterprises, research institutes, foreign-invested / owned enterprises and private enterprises, the total trading volume is about S $ 300 million, China Jiangsu Yueda Group products through New Zealand agents.
Exhibition website: http://www.fieldays.co.nz/
9, Framework section: Food category (list several representative foods)
General situation of dairy products:
New Zealand is the eighth largest dairy producer in the world, with a dairy production that accounts for about 3% of the global output, but its dairy exports account for more than 1 / 3 of the total global dairy trade. It is one of the main dairy exporters in the world and has strong international competitiveness in dairy production, sales and brand.
On 10 March 2017, the Ministry of New Zealand Primary Industries issued a Dairy-Food Standard exemption (2017 Edition). The standard exemption is mainly aimed at the export trade of infant formula dairy products and dairy auxiliary food products to specific countries, and the relevant dairy products should meet the product standards requirements of the export countries. The export countries involved include China, the United States, Russia and many other countries. The statute came into effect on March 10,2017, while the Dairy-Food Standard Waiver (2016 Edition) No 3. 2016 was repealed.
Export situation to China:
New Zealand is the world 's largest exporter of dairy products, accounting for a third of the world' s total dairy trade. In 2019, New Zealand exported dairy products to China, which exceeded 26.6 billion RMB, increasing over 25% year on year, and topped the Chinese imported dairy market with a 40% share.
Famous dairy brand:
Map-mualps, Poetry-Smileygrowth, Coro-keerayla, Giving Dorly-STOLLE, Mother proud-Mum's Pride, Chronicles and Garden-ZHHE YUANI, Langja-GMP Dairy Limited
Famous dairy company:
Synlait Milk Limited Corporation
Synlait Milk Limited is a dairy processing company engaged in dairy processing and production. It provides infant and adult nutritional formulas, functional food ingredients and special products. It provides products such as whole fat milk powder, skim milk powder and anhydrous milk fat. Synlait provides dairy products for infants, children and adults. Its products sell in New Zealand, Australia, Middle East and Africa. Synlait is headquartered in Canterbury., New Zealand Revenue for the fiscal year 2019 ended July 2019 was NZ $ 1.024.3 billion, up 16.5% from fiscal 2018, and the Company's operating margin was 12.2% at a net rate of 8%.
Keytone Dairy Corporation
Keytone Dairy is a mature dairy manufacturer and exporter in Sydney, Australia and Christchurch, New Zealand, with the Chinese National Accreditation Regulatory Commission (CNCA), which Keytone Dairy has successfully acquired Omniblend Pty Ltd on 17 June 2019.
III. Professional Data
(3) Overview of bilateral trade between China and New Zealand in the first half of 2019: the import and export amount of USD 9.35 billion https: / / baijiahao. baidu. co m/s? id=1646631257447469538 & wfr=spider&for=pc
(4) New Zealand has surpassed the US and Australia as the largest source of food imports in China, and dairy exports account for more than 60% _ Australian corporate information, industry dynamics-https: / / www. aakwa. co m/show-2-549-1.html
New Zealand Launch Import Food Announcement http://www.clii.com.cn/cyaq/202003/t20200312_3942939.html
Ambassador: Wu Xi (female) (Wu Xi) (and Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and Plenipotentiary to the Cook Islands)
Address: 6 Glenmore Street Wellington N. Z.
Business Office of the Chinese Embassy in New Zealand
Address: 14 Hill Street,Thorndon,Wellington,New Zealand.
Website: nz.mofcom.gov. cn Tel: 0064-44714100 Fax: 0064-44714104
CONSULATE-GENERAL OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN CHRISTCHURCH
Consul-General: Wang Zhijian (Wang Zhijian)
Address: 106 Hansons Lane,Upper Riccarton,Christchurch
Tel: 0064-3-3433650 (Overseas Chinese Group) 0064-3-3412255 to 715 (Office)
Business Office of the Chinese Consulate General in Christchurch
Address: 106 Hansons Lane,Upper Riccarton,Christchurch,NZ.
Website: christchurch.mofcom.gov. cn Tel: 0064-39405280
Consulate General in Auckland (New Zealand) CONSULATE-GENERAL OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN AUCKLAND
Consul-General: Ruan Ping (Ruan Ping)
Address: 588 GREAT SOUTH ROAD,GREENLANE,AUCKLAND,NEW ZEALAND
PO Box: P.O.BOX 17123,GREENLANE,AUCKLAND,NEW ZEALAND
National area Number: 0064-9
Leading Overseas Chinese Group: 5251587
Cultural Group: 5267945
Research Office: 0064-274-755928 (M)
Leading Overseas Chinese Group: 0064-274-905381 (M)
Cultural Group: 0064-274-756880 (M)
Office: 0064-274-881836 (M)
Address: 8 Dromorne Road,Remuera,Auckland
Address: 30-32 Alpers Ave,Epsom,Auckland
Business Office of the Chinese Consulate General in Auckland
Address: 590 Great South Rd. Auckland,New Zealand.
Website: auckland.mofcom.gov. cn/ Tel: 0064-96881603 or 96881608
New Zealand Embassy in China
Embassy of New Zealand
Office: No. 1, East Second Street, Ritan
Chancery: No.1, Ri Tan Dong Er Jie
Tel. (Tel): 85327000
Fax, Fax: 65324317
Business Office Tel. (Tel): 85327000
Fax, Fax: 65325261
Visa Office: Floor 5, Qihong West Tower, No. 8, Xinyuan South Road
Fax, Fax: 65325681
Web address (Website):www.immigration.govt. nz/china
New Zealand Consulate General in Chengdu
Consulate General of New Zealand in Chengdu
Office: Unit 02, Floor 33, Renheng Land Plaza Office Building, No. 1, Section 2, Renmin South Road, Chengdu, Sichuan
CHANCERY: Unit 02,33F, Yanlord Landmark Office Building, No. 1 Section 2, Renmin Nan Road, Chengdu, Sichuan Province
Fax, FAX: 028-85916551
Area: Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Chongqing
Consulate General of New Zealand in Guangzhou
Consulate General of New Zealand in Guangzhou
Office: Room 3006, Taikhui, No. 385 Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, Guangdong
CHANCERY:Room 3006,TaiKooHui Tower 1,385 Tianhe Road,Tianhe District,
Tel. (TEL): 020-89319600
Fax, FAX: 020-89319610
Area: Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Fujian, Hainan
New Zealand Consulate General in Shanghai
Consulate General of New Zealand in Shanghai
Office: Room 2801-2802 A,2806B-2810, Building 5, No. 150, Hubin Road, Shanghai
CHANCERY:2801-2802A & 2806B-2810,Corporate Avenue 5,150 Hubin Road,Shanghai
Fax, FAX: 021-54075068
Area: Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui
New Zealand Trade Development Agency
Address: level 15,The Majestic Center,100 Wills Street,Wellington
New Zealand Association website
New Zealand China Chamber of Commerce Chinese Chamber of Commercial in New Zealand
Chamber members are mainly Chinese companies, with the Chamber based in Auckland
http://www.cccnz.org.nz/ Tel: 0064-93751717
New Zealand China Trade Association New Zealand China Trade Association
New Zealand Chamber of Commerce New Zealand Chamber of Commerce
Auckland Chamber of Commerce Auckland Chamber of Commerce
New Zealand Dairy Companies Association The Dairy Companies Association of New Zealand
Employers and Manufacturers Association The Employers and Manufacturers Association
Agriculture & Forestry Association New Zealand Farm Forestry Association
Beef and Mutton Association Beef + Lamb New Zealand
Hotel Association Restaurant Association of New Zealand
The Retailers ' Association, The New Zealand Retailers Association
Franchise Association Franchise Association of New Zealand
Maritime Transport Association The Marine Transport Association
Bioeconomic Association NZBio